High cholesterol levels can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and blood circulation. Know the cholesterol level in the blood is the prevention efforts of the disease.
|The Importance Of Knowing Normal Cholesterol Levels|
Cholesterol is a fatty compounds produced by various cells in the body, and about a quarter of cholesterol produced in the body is produced by the cells of the liver. Basically the cholesterol the body needs to stay healthy.
However, high levels of cholesterol can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and poor blood circulation. Examination of cholesterol in the blood is useful to detect such risks.
Examination of cholesterol levels should be done periodically in order to monitor the overall health condition. Then, when should we start evaluating cholesterol levels?
If you smoke, have excess weight, high blood pressure, have diabetes and there are families who have a history of heart disease, you should start doing the examination from the age of 20 years.
However, if you do not smoke and do not have the diseases examination can be started from the age of 35 years. If the results are normal, you can return checked it out every 5 years. But, if you have high cholesterol levels, should the examination be done more often. Moreover, if you have diabetes, heart disease and kidney disorders.
There are two types of cholesterol, which is good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol (High Density Lipoprotein-HDL) serves to prevent the occurrence of ateroma or narrowing of the arteries due to fatty. While the bad cholesterol (LDL-Low Density Lipoprotein) is one of the main causes of the formation of the ateroma. In addition, cholesterol is good and evil, there is another form of fat in the blood called triglycerides.
Ateroma itself a trigger of heart disease which is also known as ateroklerosis or hardening of the blood vessels. Ateroma plaque is the fat that accumulates on the artery walls of blood vessels. After months, even years, the plaque is thickened and extended. That's when, clogged blood vessels and make blood flow is not smooth. This condition can lead to heart attack, stroke, or other serious problems.
Everyone's cholesterol levels vary, depending on what dikonsumsinya. In addition, each person can have a different cholesterol levels despite mengosumsi the same food. In some people, high cholesterol can only be caused by hereditary factors.
Before undertaking an examination of the level of cholesterol, you must fast beforehand during 9-12 hours. Measuring cholesterol levels done by knowing how many milligrams (mg) of cholesterol per deciliter contained in (dL) of blood.
Following the normal for other types of cholesterol that is present in the blood.
The higher the level of good cholesterol or HDL, the better it will be for health. This is because HDL protect against heart disease. HDL level for a minimum of 60 mg/dL or more can help reduce the risk of heart disease. In contrast, HDL level less than 40 mg/dL thus raise the risk of heart disease.
Because of the nature of evil, LDL or bad cholesterol should be at a low level or body can be tolerated, i.e. less than 100 mg/dL. The amount of LDL 100-129 mg/dL as threshold of tolerance. If it exceeds that amount bad cholesterol can cause various health problems such as ateroma, heart disease, and stroke.
The amount of LDL 130-159 mg/dL can be said to enter the high threshold, and if the amount has reached 160-189 mg/dL have entered a high level. While the amount of LDL 190 mg/dL and the rest, are already at a very high level.
This fat can also increase the risk of heart disease. So, the lower the level of triglycerides, it will be the better for your health. The number of 150-199 mg/dL triglycerides can be said to be at a high threshold, and the number of 200 mg/dL or triglyceride levels include more high. Some people require treatment if it has levels of triglycerides on the second level.
Total cholesterol is a combination of the amount of good cholesterol, bad cholesterol, and triglycerides in the blood every deciliter. Usually, by looking at the levels of total cholesterol and HDL alone is able to describe the general condition of your cholesterol levels. However, if the total cholesterol amounts to 200 mg/dL or more, or HDL is less than 40 mg/dL, you will need to do a full cholesterol checks which include LDL and triglycerides.
The cholesterol levels of less than 200 mg/dL can still be tolerated. The amount of cholesterol levels 200-239 mg/dL is already entered on the threshold is high. If the number reaches 240 mg/dL or more including high cholesterol levels.
The food is Needed
To maintain normal cholesterol levels, avoid foods that contain trans fats. These fats found in fried foods, margarine and snacks such as crackers.
Here are some types of food you can consume to lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
Fish such as sardines, mackerel, salmon, and tuna, rich in omega 3 content is good for the heart.
Oatmeal, are rich in soluble fiber that can lower bad cholesterol levels. Within a day, you at least need a 5-10 gram of soluble fiber. One half cup of cooked oatmeal contains about 6 grams of fiber. You can add fruit on top of oatmeal porridge to enrich the flavor.
The nuts such as almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts, and others can lower the risk of heart disease. You can replace fatty foods such as cheese and meat with nuts.
Olive oil contains antioxidants, which can lower the level of bad cholesterol. Use two tablespoons of olive oil in a day for salads or Your dishes.
Keep your intake of nutritious foods for the sake of limiting the levels of bad cholesterol is indeed nice, but steps to live a healthy life patterns are also equally important. Start stop the habit-bad old habits, such as smoking and consuming liquor. Instead, it began to familiarize myself to exercise regularly.
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