Calculate Your Risk Exposed Heart Disease

According to the National Household Survey of health, heart disease is the number one cause of death in both men and women in Indonesia each year. You may have already begun trying to reduce risk, but how do I know whether you did it right?

Calculate Your Risk Exposed Heart Disease
Calculate Your Risk Exposed Heart Disease

In 1948, the National Heart Institute (now known as the Institute of Heart, lung, and blood, or NHLBI), began his study of the heart of Framingham to learn more about heart disease and stroke. The researchers overseeing the more than 5.000 participants in Framingham, Massachusetts throughout their lives to determine a common risk factor of cardiovascular disease. In 1971, a second generation group — children from the original group — and their partners — sign up.

As a result of this long-term study, scientists have determined the key risk factors that can increase the chances of someone affected by heart disease or heart attacks throughout their lives. By tracking risk factors, you can determine how aggressive you have to adjust to changes in lifestyle and care.

The risk of heart disease increases with age, regardless of other risk factors. Increased risk for men after the age of 45 years and women after the age of 55 years (or menopause). The hormone estrogen is considered help protect the heart. This is why after menopause, when estrogen levels wane in the body of the woman, the risk of a heart attack also increases.

Over time, the buildup of fatty plaques in the arteries slowly can be problematic. If you are getting renewed, arteries may be narrowing. Blood clotting can sometimes be formed, hindering blood flow, which can cause heart attacks.

Men are more affected by heart disease risk than women. 70-80% of sudden heart attack appears in men. So far, scientists don't know for sure it will cause, even though studies have shown that sex hormones may cause a heart attack.

The study, published in the journal Atherosclerosis finds that two sex hormones is associated with increased levels of LDL cholesterol, the "bad guy" and decreased levels of HDL, the "good" cholesterol. The new study, published in the year 2012 in The Lancet indicates that the Y chromosome, which is unique to men, may also contribute. Regardless of the reason, men more at risk overall, and likely to suffer from heart disease at an early age. However, heart disease is the leading cause of death in women.

Total cholesterol levels
Total cholesterol, which is the sum of all the cholesterol in the blood, is a likely risk factor for heart disease, especially because cholesterol is a key piece of plaque that can accumulate in the arteries. (The plaque is composed of fat, calcium, and other substances). The theory that the more cholesterol in the blood, the more turned into plaques that accumulate in the arteries. Range cholesterol levels:

Normal: less than 200 mg/dL
Quite high: 200-239 mg/dL
Height: 240 mg/dL and over
The higher the levels of total cholesterol, the higher the risk of heart disease.

The levels of "good" HDL cholesterol
Scientists have discovered that not all cholesterol is the same. "Good" cholesterol, or HDL, is actually against heart disease. Scientists are not so sure, but they believe that HDL helps to reduce inflammation, which contributes to heart health, and help carry cholesterol toward the heart, which will be processed. The conclusion is the higher levels of HDL, the lower the risk of heart disease. Generally:

HDL is less than 40 mg/dL increases the risk of heart disease.
More than 60 HDL may protect you from heart attacks.
History of smoking
Overall, smoking increases the risk of heart disease. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes harm the heart and blood vessels, increases the risk of atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) — even if you only occasionally smoking. Fortunately, no matter how many or how long you've smoked, quitting will provide benefits for the heart.

For example:

Quitting smoking reduces your risk of experiencing and died of heart disease.
All the time, stopping smoking reduces the risk of narrowing of the arteries.
Quitting smoking can help restore the heart and blood vessels are damaged.
Blood pressure
Reading first blood pressure numbers can also provide clues about the risk of heart disease, which is called "systolic" blood pressure, arterial pressure and measured when the heart beats or contracting. (Diastolic Number measures the pressure in arteries between the heart rate, when the heart muscle relaxes.) Systolic measurements are considered more indicate the risk for heart disease because of the generally increasing with age. This is due to increased stiffness of the plaque in the arteries and overwrite it in the long run.

The following are some guidelines about blood pressure:

Normal: less than 120 mmHg
Prehipertensi: 120-139 mmHg
High blood pressure (stage 1): 140-159
High blood pressure (2nd stage): 160 or more
If you have found that you are having high blood pressure and was taking medication to control it, you automatically reduce the risk of heart attacks.

Likely affected by diabetes
Many have heart disease risk calculator to add diabetes to the list. According to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC), if you have diabetes, you are at least twice as higher risk exposed to heart disease. All the time, levels of blood glucose (blood sugar) high can increase the buildup of fatty material in the arteries and the blood vessel walls, increasing the chances of narrowing and hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).

Make sure you saw a doctor on a regular basis to address all risk factors and reduce the risk of heart disease as much as possible.

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